Research Paper

An account of Section Crispidium of Fissidens Subgen. Pachyissidens in Western Ghats of India with description of a new variety and an extension range

Kurungottu Muliyil Manjula, Chandrasekharan Nair Manju

Published on: 10 June 2020

Page: 295 - 314

DOI: 10.6165/tai.2020.65.295


The present paper provides an account of section Crispidium (Müll. Hal.) Pursell & Brugg.-Nann. of Fissidens Hedw. subgenus Pachyfissidens (Müll. Hal.) Kindb. in Western Ghats, India along with description of a new variety F. crispulus var. nelliampathiae. Fissidens subangustus Fleisch. is also recorded here as new report for Kerala State. A brief taxonomic description, line drawing illustration and identification key to the species of the section are provided to facilitate their future easier identification.

Keyword: Fissidens, F. crispulus var. nelliampathiae, India, Pachyissidens, taxanomic key, Western Ghats

Literature Cited

Beever, J.E. 2014. Fissidentaceae. In: Heenan, P.B.; Wilton, A.D. Fl. New Zealand Mosse. Fascicle 8. Manaaki Whenue Press, Lincoln. 1?91.

Brotherus, V.F. 1899. Contributions to the Bryological flora of Southern India. Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1: 311?329.

Brotherus, V.F. 1924. Fissidentaceae. In A. Engler (ed.), Die nateurlichen Pflanzenfamilien. 2nd ed. 10: 143?155. W. Engelmann, Leipzig.

Bruggeman-Nannenga, M.A. 1978. Notes on Fissidens. I and II. Proc. Konink. Neder. Akad. 387?402.

Bruggeman-Nannenga, M.A. 1997. Notes on Fissidens VI. New combinations and validation of some names. Journ. Hattori Bot. Lab. 81: 155?173.

Bruggeman-Nannenga, M.A., Pursell, R.A. and Z. Iwatsuki. 1994. A reevaluation of Fissidens subgenus Serridium section Amblyothallia. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 255?271.

Choudhary, B.L., T.P. Sharma and F.S. Bhagora. 2008. Bryophyte flora of North Konkan Maharashtra-India. Himanshu Publications, Udaipur. Pp. 314.

Crosby, M.R., R.E. Magill, B. Allen and S. He. 1999. A Checklist of the Mosses. Missouri Bot. Garden.

Dabhade, G.T. 1998. Mosses of Khandala and Mahabaleshwar in Western Ghats, Classic Graphics, Thane, India. pp. 117?120.

Daniels, A.E.D. 2010. Checklist of the bryophytes of Tamil Nadu, India. Arch. Bryol. 65: 1?118.

Daniels, A.E.D. and K.C. Kariyappa. 2007. Bryophyte diversity along a gradient of human disturbance in the southern Western Ghats. Curr. Sci. 93: 976?982.

Daniels, A.E.D. and K.C. Kariyappa. 2019. Bryoflora of the Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Western Ghats, India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun. pp. 658.

Daniels, A.E.D. and P. Daniel. 2003. Additions to the bryoflora of Peninsular India. Indian J. For. 26: 389?396.

Daniels, A.E.D. and P. Daniel. 2005. Additions to the moss flora of the Indian mainland. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 47(1?4): 93?100.

Daniels, A.E.D. and P. Daniel. 2013. The Bryoflora of Southernmost Western Ghats, India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun. India.

Daniels, A.E.D., R. Sreebha and K.C. Kariyappa. 2018. Bryoflora of Indira Gandhi national Park in Anamalai hills, India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, pp. 513.

Dixon, H.N. 1922. Miscellanea Bryologica. VIII. J. Bot. 60: 281?291.

Dixon, H.N. and R. Potier de la Varde. 1927. Contribution ? la flore bryologique de l'Inde m?ridionale. Archives de Botanique, Bull. Mensuel 1(8?9): 161?184.

Dixon, H.N. and R. Potier de la Varde. 1930. Nouvelle contribution ? la flore bryologique de l’Inde. Annal. Crypt. Exot. 3: 168?193.

Foreau, G. 1930. Notes on Bryological Geography for the Presidency of Madras. J. Madras Univ. 2: 238?250.

Foreau, G. 1961. The moss flora of the Palni hills. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 13?47.

Gangulee, H.C. 1971. Mosses of Eastern India and adjacent regions. Vol.1 (Fasc. 4). Published by the author B.N. Das Printer, Calcutta.

Iwatsuki, Z. and S. Inoue. 1984. Cytotaxonomic studies of the Japanese species of Fissidens Hedw. (Musci). J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 57: 343?362.

Iwatsuki, Z. and T. Suzuki. 1982. A taxonomic revision of the Japanese species of Fissidens (Musci). J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 51: 329?508.

Iwatsuki, Z. and T. Suzuki. 1996. Fissidens in the Fiji Islands. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 79: 139?162.

Lal, J. 2005. A Checklist of Indian mosses. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun. India.

Lecointe, A. and P. Geissler. 1990. Premi?res donn?es sur les cort?ges et les listes de Bryophytes observ?es lors de la 16?me session estraordinaire de la S. B. C. O. en Haute-Savoie. (17?23 juillet 1989). Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 21: 413–424.

Li, Z.H. and Z. Iwatsuki. 2001. Fissidentaceae. Moss Flora of China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden, Beijing, New York & St. Louis. 2: 3?67.

Magdum S.M., S.M. Patil, R.A. Lavate and M.M. Dongare. 2017. Checklist of mosses from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India. Bioscience Discovery, 8(1): 73?81.

Manju, C.N., K.P. Rajesh and P.V. Madhusoodanan. 2008. Checklist of Bryophytes of Kerala, India. Trop. Bryol. Res. Rep. 7: 1?24.

Manjula K.M. and CN. Manju. 2016. Genus Fissidens Hedw. (Fissidentaceae; Bryophyta) from Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India. Cryptogam Biodiversity and Assessment Vol 1(2): 1?19. Indian Lichenological Society. e?ISSN?2456?0251.
DOI: 10.21756/cab.v1i2.7034View Article Google Scholar

Montagne, C.J.F. 1842. Cryptogamme Nilgheriensis. Ann. des Sci. Natur. Bot. 17: 213?256, 18.

Nair, M.C., K.P. Rajesh and P.V. Madhusoodanan. 2005. Bryophytes of Wayanad in Western Ghats, Malabar Natural History Society, Kozhikode, 284pp.

Norkett, A.H. 1969. Some problems in a monographic revision of the genus Fissidens with special reference to the Indian species. Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 23: 75?82.

Pursell, R.A. 1988. Fissidens amazonicussp. nov. from Brazilian Amazonia, with comments on the relationship and taxonomy of subgenus Fissidens sections Areofissidens. Weberiopsis and Reticularia and subgenus Aneuron (Bryopsida; Fissidentaceae). Nova Hedwigia 90: 345?355.

Pursell, R.A. and B. Allen 1994. A Re?evaluation of Fissidens subgenus Pachyfissidens, with a detailed discussion of Fissidens grandifrons and Fissidens geijkesii. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 75: 15?22.

Pursell, R.A. and M.A. Bruggeman-Nannenga 2004. A revision of the Infrageneric taxa of Fissidens. Bryologist 107(1): 1?19.
DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745(2004)107[1:AROTIT]2.0.CO;2View Article Google Scholar

Schimper, W.P. 1856. Corollarium Bryologiae Europaeae. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart. 140 pp.

Schwarz, U. 2014. Contribution to the Bryophyte flora of Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan. Frahmia 2: 1?29.

Suzuki, T., Y. Inoue, and H. Tsubota 2018. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Fissidens (Fissidentaceae, Bryophyta) and a refinement of the infrageneric classification, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Mol. Phylogenetics Evol. 127: 190?202.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2018.05.020View Article Google Scholar

Tan, B.C. and Z. Iwatsuki 1991. A new annotated Philippine moss checklist. Harvard Pap. Bot. 3: 1?64.

Tixier, P. 1979. Bryophytes exotiques (IV). Les Mousses et les limites du domaine des oc?ans Indien et Pacifique. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 4e ser., 1, section B, no. 2: 107?125.