Research Paper

New species and new records in the lichen genus Rinodina (Physciaceae) from India

Vishal Kumar, Roshinikumar Ngangom, Sanjeeva Nayaka, Komal K. Ingle

Published on: 19 April 2021

Page: 193 - 202

DOI: 10.6165/tai.2021.66.193


A new species, Rinodina indica Vishal Kumar, R. Ngangom & Nayaka is described from India. It is characterized by ochraceous, areolate, blastidiate thallus with brown, 1-septate Teichophila-type ascospores. Eight additional species of the genus viz., R. archaea (Ach.) Arnold, R. dolichospora Malme, R. mniaroeiza (Nyl.) Arnold, R. obnascens (Nyl.) H. Olivier, R. oleae Bagl., R. plana H. Magn., R. pyrina (Ach.) Arnold and R. trevisanii (Hepp) Körb., are reported for the first time from India. Detailed description, illustration and distribution for new species and new records are provided. A key to all species of Rinodina presently known from India is also provided.

Keyword: Biodiversity, Caliciales, lichenized fungi, Rinodina herrei, Rinodina indica, revision, taxonomy

Literature Cited

Awasthi, D.D. 1991. A key to the microlichens of India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Biblioth. Lichenol. 40(4): 1–340.
DOI: 10.2307/1222799View Article Google Scholar

Aptroot, A. and L.B. Sparrius. 2003. New microlichens from Taiwan. Fungal Divers. 14: 1–50.

Aptroot, A. and K.H. Moon. 2014. 114 new reports of microlichens from Korea, including the description of five new species, show that the microlichen flora is predominantly Eurasian. Herzogia 27(2): 347–365.
DOI: 10.13158/heia.27.2.2014.347View Article Google Scholar

Chabanenko, S.I. 2002. Konspekt Flory Lishaynikov Yuga Rossiyskogo dal’nego Vostoka [Conspectus of the Lichen Flora of the Southern Russian Far East]. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian]

Giralt, M. 2001. The lichen genera Rinodina and Rinodinella (lichenized Ascomycetes, Physciaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Biblioth. Lichenol. 79: 1–160.

Giralt, M., K. Kalb and H. Mayrhofer. 2009. Rinodina brasiliensis, a new corticolous isidiate species, and closely related taxa. The Lichenologist 41(2): 179–187.
DOI: 10.1017/S0024282909008226View Article Google Scholar

Hauck, M., T. T?nsberg, H. Mayrhofer and O. Breuss. 2013a. Lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi new to Kazakhstan. Herzogia 26(1): 103–116.
DOI: 10.13158/heia.26.1.2013.103View Article Google Scholar

Hauck, M., T. T?nsberg, H. Mayrhofer, U. de Bruyn, O. Enkhtuya and S. Javkhlan. 2013b. New records of lichen species from western Mongolia. Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 50: 13–22.
DOI: 10.12697/fce.2013.50.03View Article Google Scholar

Joshi, S., S.Y. Kondratyuk, F. Crisan, U. Jayalal, S.-O. Oh and Hur J. S. 2013. New additions to lichen mycota of Republic of Korea. Mycobiology 41(4): 177–182.
DOI: 10.5941/MYCO.2013.41.4.177View Article Google Scholar

Kaschik, M. 2006. Taxonomic studies on saxicolous species of the genus Rinodina (lichenized Ascomycetes, Physciaceae) in the Southern Hemisphere with emphasis in Australia and New Zealand. Biblioth. Lichenol. 93: 1–162.

Kondratyuk, S.Y., L. L?k?s, S. Tschabanenko, M.M. Haji, E. Farkas, Wang X.Y., S.-O. Oh and J.S. Hur 2013. New and noteworthy lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi. Acta Bot. Hung. 55 (3–4): 275–349.
DOI: 10.1556/ABot.55.2013.3-4.9View Article Google Scholar

Kondratyuk, S.Y., L. L?k?s, J.P. Halda, M.M. Haji, E. Farkas, J. S. Park, B.G. Lee, S.-O. Oh and J.S. Hur 2016. New and noteworthy lichen forming and lichenicolous fungi. Acta Bot. Hung. 58 (1–2): 75–136.
DOI: 10.1556/034.58.2016.1-2.4View Article Google Scholar

Kotlov, Y.V. 2008 Rinodina (Ach.) Gray. In: N. S. Golubkova, ed. Handbook of the Lichens of Russia, Volume 10: 309–360. St. Petersburg: Nauka. [in Russian]

Kurokawa, S. and H. Kashiwadani. 2006. Checklist of Japanese lichens and allied fungi. National Science Museum Tokyo 33: 1–89.

Lendemer, J.C., R.C. Harris and E.A. Tripp. 2013. The lichens and allied fungi of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 104: 1–152.

Lendemer, J. C., E.A. Tripp and J.W. Sheard. 2014. A review of Rinodina (Physciaceae) in Great Smoky Mountains National Park highlights the growing significance of this “island of biodiversity” in Eastern North America. Bryologist 117(3): 259–281.
DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745-117.3.259View Article Google Scholar

Matzer, M. and H. Mayrhofer. 1996. Saxicolous species of the genus Rinodina (lichenized Ascomycetes, Physciaceae) in southern Africa. Bothalia 26 (1): 11–30.
DOI: 10.4102/abc.v26i1.683View Article Google Scholar

Mayrhofer, H., G. Kantvilas and K. Ropin. 1999. The corticolous species of the lichen genus Rinodina (Physciaceae) in temperate Australia. Muelleria 12(2): 169–194.

Mayrhofer, H. and R. Moberg. 2002. Rinodina. In: T. Ahti, P. M. J?rgensen, H. Kristinsson, R. Moberg, U. S?chting & G. Thor, ed). Nordic Lichen Flora, Volume 2: Physciaceae2: 41–69.

Mayrhofer, H. and J.W. Sheard. 2007. Rinodina archaea (Physciaceae, lichenized Ascomycetes) and related species. Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 229–246.

Mayrhofer, H., W. Obermayer and W. Wetschnig. 2014. Corticolous species of the genus Rinodina (lichenized Ascomycetes, Physciaceae) in southern Africa. Herzogia 27(1): 1–12.
DOI: 10.13158/heia.27.1.2014.1View Article Google Scholar

Mayrhofer, H. and J. Poelt. 1979. Die saxicolen Arten der Flechtengattung Rinodina in Europa [The saxicolous species of the lichen genus Rinodina in Europe]. Biblioth. Lichenol. 12: 1–186.

Mayrhofer, H., J.W. Sheard, M.C. Grassler and J.A. Elix. 2001. Rinodina intermedia (Physciaceae, Lichenized Ascomycetes): A well-characterized species with submuriform ascospores. Bryologist 104(3): 456–463.
DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745(2001)104[0456:RIPLAA]2.0.CO;2View Article Google Scholar

Mayrhofer, H. 1983. The saxicolous species of Rinodina in New Zealand. Lichenologist 15(3): 267–282.
DOI: 10.1017/S0024282983000407View Article Google Scholar

Mayrhofer, H. 1984. Die saxicolen Arten der Flechtengattungen Rinodina und Rinodinella in der Alten Welt [The saxicolous species of the lichen genera Rinodina and Rinodinella in the Old World]. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 55: 327–493. (German).

Nordin, A. 2004. Three species new to Sweden in material collected by Du Rietz. Graphis Scripta 16: 20–22.

Nadyeina, O., M. Grube and H. Mayrhofer. 2010. Contribution to the taxonomy of the genus Rinodina (Physciaceae, lichenized Ascomycotina) using combined ITS and mtSSU rDNA data. Lichenologist 42(5): 521–531.
DOI: 10.1017/S0024282910000186View Article Google Scholar

Orange, A., P.W. James and F.J. White. 2001. Microchemical methods for the identification of lichens. British lichen Society, London. 101 pp.

Ren, Q. and X.J. Zheng. 2020. Notes on the genus Rinodina in Mainland China. Journal of Liaocheng University (Nat. Sci) 33 (4): 85–110.

Resl, P., H. Mayrhofer, S. R. Clayden, T. Spribille, G. Thor, T. T?nsberg and J. W. Sheard. 2016. Morphological, chemical and species delimitation analyses provide new insights into two groups of Rinodina. Lichenologist 48(5): 469–488.
DOI: 10.1017/S0024282916000359View Article Google Scholar

Ropin, K. and H. Mayrhofer. 1993. Zur Kenntnis corticoler Arten der Flechtengattung Rinodina in den Ostalpen und angrenzenden Gebieten. Herzogia 9: 779–835.

Singh, K.P. and G.P. Sinha. 2010. Indian Lichens: An Annotated Checklist. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata.

Sheard, J.W. 2004. Rinodina. In: T.H. Nash, III, B.D. Ryan, P. Diederich, C. Gries, and F. Bungartz. Eds. Lichen flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. II. Lichens Unlimited, Tempe, Ariz. pp. 467–502.

Sheard, J.W. 2010. The Lichen Genus Rinodina (Ach) Gray (Lecanoromycetidae, Physciaceae) in North America, North of Mexico. Ontario, Canada: NRC Research Press. 246 pp.

Sheard, J.W., A.K. Ezhkin, I.A. Galanina, D. Himelbrant, E. Kuznetsova, A. Shimizu, I. Stepanchikova, T. G?ran, T. T?nsberg, L. S. Yakovchenko and T. Spribille. 2017. The lichen genus Rinodina (Physciaceae, Caliciales) in north-eastern Asia. Lichenologist 49(6): 617–672.
DOI: 10.1017/S0024282917000536View Article Google Scholar

Sheard, J.W. 2018. A synopsis and new key to the species of Rinodina (Ach.) Gray (Physciaceae, lichenized Ascomycetes) presently recognized in North America. Herzogia 31(1): 395–423.
DOI: 10.13158/heia.31.1.2018.395View Article Google Scholar

Sheard, J.W. and H. Mayrhofer. 2002. New species of Rinodina (Physciaceae, lichenized Ascomycetes) from western North America. Bryologist 105(4): 645–672.
DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745(2002)105[0645:NSORPL]2.0.CO;2View Article Google Scholar

Sheikh, M.A., D.K Upreti and A.K. Raina. 2006. Lichens diversity in Jammu & Kashmir, India. Geophytology 36(1&2): 69–85

Urbanavichus, G. and M. Andreev. 2010. A Checklist of The Lichen Flora of Russia. Saint Petersburg: Nauka.

Wijayawardene, N.N., K.D. Hyde, L.K.T. Al-Ani, L. Tedersoo, D. Haelewaters, K.C., Rajeshkumar, R.L. Zhao, A. Aptroot, D.V. Leontyev, R.K. Saxena et al. 2020. Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa. Mycosphere 11(1): 1060–1456.
DOI: 10.5943/mycosphere/11/1/8View Article Google Scholar

Zheng, X. J. and Q. Ren. 2020. Three Rinodina species new to China. Mycotaxon 135(1): 195–201.
DOI: 10.5248/135.195View Article Google Scholar