Dendrobium gopalanii (Orchidaceae), a new lithophytic species from Agasthyarkoodam in the Western Ghats of Kerala (India), is described and photographed. It differs from similar species of Dendrobium heyneanum Lindl., D. panduratum Lindl., D. panduratum subsp. villosum Gopalan & A.N.Henry and D. wightii A.D.Hawkes and A.H.Heller have a cylindrical stem, leathery leaves, obliquely acute apex, 1–4 flowers, sepals and petals apex obtuse, minutely crenulate margin of petals, lip midlobe orbicular, margin undulated, retuse apex with minutely mucronated in middle, bilobed callus of disc, and obtuse apex.
Keyword: Agasthyamala, D. heyneanum, Dendrobium panduratum, D. wightii, orbicular lip, Stachyobium
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