Research Paper

Iris calcicola (Iridaceae), a new species from limestone areas of northern Guangxi, China based on morphological and molecular evidence

Zhao-Cen Lu, Zhang-Ping Huang, Ping Yang, Yan Liu

Published on: 25 March 2022

Page: 211 - 216

DOI: 10.6165/tai.2022.67.211

Abstract

Iris calcicola Z.C.Lu, Z.P.Huang & Yan Liu, a new species of Iris sect. Lophiris was found from limestone areas of Guangxi, China. Iris calcicola is similar to Iris japonica Thunb., but differs by its inflorescence simple; flowering stems ascendent, with 2–5 branches; spathes 2, narrowly lanceolate, 2–3.8 cm long, 1–2 (3)-flowered, apex acuminate; flower segments obliquely ascending, not spreading when blooming; pedicel enveloped by spathes or subequal to spathes; outer segments elliptic, with prominent, irregular, yellow crest.

Keyword: Iris japonica, Iris formosana, Iris sect. Lophiris, ITS, molecular phylogeny, taxonomy, trnL-F

Literature

Baker, J.-G. 1883. Gardeners' Chronicle, new series, London, 20: 231.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1883.tb00680.xView Article Google Scholar

Crespo, M.-B., M. Martinen-Azorin and E.-V. Mavrodiev. 2015. Can a rainbow consist of a single colour? A new comprehensive generic arrangement of the ‘Iris sensu latissimo’ clade (Iridaceae), congruent with morphology and molecular data. Phytotaxa 232(1): 1–78.
DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.232.1.1View Article Google Scholar

Dong, X.-D. and J.-H. Li. 2008. A new species of Iris L. (Iridaceae) from Yunnan, China. Bull. Bot. Res. 28(2):136–137.

Doyle, J.-J. and J.-L. Doyle. 1987. A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochem. Bull. 19:11–15.

Edgar, R.-C. 2004. MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Res. 32(5): 1792–1797.
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkh340View Article Google Scholar

Fredrik, R., T. Maxim, V.-D.-M. Paul, D.-L. Ayres, D. Aaron and H. Sebastian. 2012. MrBayes 3.2: Efficient Bayesian Phylogenetic Inference and Model Choice Across a Large Model Space. Syst. Biol. 61(3): 539–542.
DOI: 10.1093/sysbio/sys029View Article Google Scholar

Gaudin, J. 1828. Flora Helvetica, Helvetia and Tractibus Counterminis, 1: 97.

Guo, J., T. Meng, H.-B. Pang and Q. Zhang. 2016. Petrocodon retroflexus sp. nov. (Gesneriaceae) from a karst cave in Guizhou, China. Nord. J. Bot. 34(2): 159–164.
DOI: 10.1111/njb.00941View Article Google Scholar

Hall, T.-A. 1999. BioEdit: A User-Friendly Biological Sequence Alignment Editor and Analysis Program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series 41: 95–98.

Hooker, J.-D. 1892. Flora of British India 6: 273. London.

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, vol. 1. 37–38 pp. Imprensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae.

Ohwi, J. 1934. Taiwan Shiyaga. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3(2): 114–115. (In Japanese with English description)

Posada, D. and K. Crandall. 1998. Applications note. MODELTEST: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14(9): 817–818.
DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/14.9.817View Article Google Scholar

Sealy, J.-R. 1937. Iris wattii And Its Allies. Gard. Chron., series 3. 102: 413–414, 432–433.

Spach, ?. 1846. Revisio Generis Iris. Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique, series 3. 5(1): 89–111.

Stamatakis, A. 2006. RAxML-VI-HPC: maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22(21): 2688–2690.
DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btl446View Article Google Scholar

Tausch, I.-F. 1823. Hortus Canalius 1, Utrecht.
DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.152349View Article

Thunberg, C.-P. 1794. Botanical observation on flora Japanica. Trans. Linn. Soc. 2: 326–342.
DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.3681View Article

Wilson, C.-A. 2020. Two new species in Iris series Chinenses (Iridaceae) from south-central China. PhytoKeys 161: 41–60.
DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.161.55483View Article Google Scholar

Xiao, Y.-E, F.-Y. Yu and X.-F. Zhou. 2021. A new natural hybrid of Iris (Iridaceae) from Chongqing, China. PhytoKeys 174: 1–12.
DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.174.62306View Article Google Scholar

Ying, S.-S. 2000. Iris L. In: Huang, T.C. (ed.) Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 5: 137–139. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Taipei,.

Zhao, Y.-T. 1980. Some notes on the genus Iris of China. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18 (1): 53–62.

Zhao, Y.-T. 1985. Iris L. In: Pei, J. & Z.J. Ding (eds.) Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 16(1): 133–197. Science Press, Beijing,

Zhao, Y.-T., H.-J. Noltie and B. Mathew. 2000. Iris L. In: Wu, Z.Y. & P.H. Raven (eds.) Flora of China. 24: 297–312. Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St Louis.